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Latest and Breaking Agriculture News

Dwindling wind may tip predator-prey balance
(University of Wisconsin-Madison) Rising temperatures and shifting precipitation patterns may get the lion's share of our climate change attention, but predators may want to give some thought to wind, according to a University of Wisconsin Madison zoologist's study, which is among the first to demonstrate the way 'global stilling' may alter predator-prey relationships.

Lymphatic fluid used for first time to detect bovine paratuberculosis
(University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna) Paratuberculosis is a bovine disease affecting up to 19 percent of dairy farms in Austria. The affected animals must be culled from the herd as quickly as possible. In order to recognize the disease before it manifests, researchers from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, for the first time employed a rapid test of the lymphatic fluid of the animals and inform about it in the journal Veterinary Microbiology.

Long-distance communication from leaves to roots
(National Institutes of Natural Sciences) Leguminous plants create symbiotic organs called nodules in their roots. Japanese researchers have shown that cytokinins, a kind of plant hormone, play an important role in preserving proper root nodule numbers using the model plant Lotus japonicus. The results of this work were published in the journal Nature Communications titled 'Shoot-derived cytokinins systemically regulate root nodulation.'

For legume plants, a new route from shoot to root
(RIKEN) A new study shows that legume plants regulate their symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria by using cytokinins -- signaling molecules -- that are transmitted through the plant structure from leaves into the roots to control the number of bacteria-holding nodules in the roots.

Researchers develop unique waste cleanup for rural areas
(Washington State University) Washington State University researchers have developed a unique method to use microbes buried in pond sediment to power waste cleanup in rural areas. The first microbe-powered, self-sustaining wastewater treatment system could lead to an inexpensive and quick way to clean up waste from large farming operations and rural sewage treatment plants while reducing pollution.

Microplastic pollution discovered in St. Lawrence River sediments
(Canadian Science Publishing (NRC Research Press)) A team of researchers from McGill University and the Quebec government have discovered microplastics widely distributed across the bottom of the St. Lawrence River, the first time such pollutants have been found in freshwater sediments. Their research was published this month in the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.

Agricultural fires in the Ukraine
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Numerous fires -- marked with red dots -- are burning in Eastern Europe, likely as a result of regional agricultural practices.

Fall foliage season may be later, but longer on warmer Earth
(Princeton University) The fall foliage season in some areas of the United States could come much later and possibly last a little longer by the end of the century as climate change causes summer temperatures to linger later into the year, according to Princeton University researchers. The delay could result in a longer growing season that would affect carbon uptake, agriculture, water supplies and animal behavior, among many other areas.

Farmers to be offered market-driven ways out of poverty through ICRAF-SNV partnership
(World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)) A new partnership between The World Agroforestry Centre, a Dutch development organization, will help farmers create better, reliable and sustainable markets to reduce poverty. The World Agroforestry Centre and SNV Netherlands Development Organisation on 17 Sept. 2014 signed a memorandum of understanding aimed at establishing a long-term working relationship.

Global agriculture: More land, fewer harvests
(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen) Most of the Earth's agricultural land resources are already under cultivation. Climate change poses a huge challenge to global agriculture, but a new study by geographers at LMU shows that some regions could benefit from it.

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