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Latest and Breaking Agriculture News

Bitter food but good medicine from cucumber genetics
(University of California - Davis) High-tech genomics and traditional Chinese medicine come together as researchers identify the genes responsible for the intense bitter taste of wild cucumbers. Taming this bitterness made cucumber, pumpkin and their relatives into popular foods, but the same compounds also have potential to treat cancer and diabetes.

Mosquitoes and malaria: Scientists pinpoint how biting cousins have grown apart
(Virginia Tech) Sixteen mosquito species have varying capabilities for transmitting malaria and adapting to new environments. Researchers sequenced their genomes to better understand the evolutionary science behind the differences. The results, published in Science, may advance understanding about the biological differences between mosquitoes that transmit malaria, and ultimately, how species might be more precisely controlled to stop transmission.

TGen-Luxembourg scientific team conducts unprecedented analysis of microbial ecosystem
(The Translational Genomics Research Institute) An international team of scientists from the Translational Genomics Research Institute and The Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine have completed a first-of-its-kind microbial analysis of a biological waste water treatment plant that has broad implications for protecting the environment, energy recovery and human health. The study, published Nov. 26 in the scientific journal Nature Communications, describes in unprecedented detail the complex relationships within a model ecosystem.

The influence of the Isthmus of Panama in the evolution of freshwater shrimps in America
(Pensoft Publishers) The molecular evolution of freshwater shrimps in America was studied based in the relationship between Pacific and Atlantic sister species that are separated by the Isthmus of Panama. Despite the high morphological similarities between each pair of species, it was concluded that all species are valid taxonomic entities, proving the efficiency of the Isthmus for the genetic isolation of the species. The study was published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

Hydrothermal settlers
(Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University) OIST researcher Yuichi Nakajima decodes barnacle genetics to understand how climate change impacts the deep ocean.

Toolkit for ocean health
(Frontiers) One of the global leaders in ocean science, Professor Carlos Duarte has shared his insights on the future of the world's oceans in a paper published in the international open-access journal Frontiers in Marine Science.

Protecting the rainforest through agriculture and forestry
(Technische Universitaet Muenchen) Conservationists are always looking for ways to halt the pace of deforestation in tropical rainforests. One approach involves recultivating abandoned agricultural land. An international team investigating this concept has just published its findings in Nature Communications. Working in the mountainous regions of Ecuador, the researchers found afforestation and intense pasturing to be particularly effective, clearly increasing the environmental and economic value of abandoned farmlands.

The unbelievable underworld and its impact on us all
(University of Manchester) A new study has pulled together research into the most diverse place on earth to demonstrate how the organisms below-ground could hold the key to understanding how the worlds ecosystems function and how they are responding to climate change.

Traditional approaches and innovative techniques for subcellular fractionation from CSHLP
(Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) 'Subcellular Fractionation' published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press provides step-by-step protocols for the extraction of subcellular components from animal tissues, yeasts, plants, and cultured cells. Each chapter focuses on a particular eukaryotic organelle, vesicle, membrane, or macromolecular complex. Strategies for breaking cells while maintaining the structural and functional integrity of the component of interest, enriching for that component based on its physical and biochemical characteristics, and monitoring and ensuring the success of the purification procedure are provided.

Endangered species success: Idaho salmon regaining fitness advantage
(NOAA Fisheries West Coast Region) Once on the brink of extinction with only a few fish remaining, Snake River sockeye salmon are regaining the fitness they need to rebuild wild populations. A new analysis shows that naturally spawned offspring of fish saved by a hatchery program are now surviving to return at increasing rate -- high enough to not only sustain the population but also to rebuild it.

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