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Latest and Breaking Archaeology News

Study finds significant facial variation in pre-Columbian South America
(North Carolina State University) A team of anthropology researchers has found significant differences in facial features between all seven pre-Columbian peoples they evaluated from what is now Peru -- disproving a longstanding perception that these groups were physically homogenous. The finding may lead scholars to revisit any hypotheses about human migration patterns that rested on the idea that there was little skeletal variation in pre-Columbian South America.

Evidence indicates Yucatan Peninsula hit by tsunami 1,500 years ago
(University of Colorado at Boulder) The eastern coastline of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, a mecca for tourists, may have been walloped by a tsunami between 1,500 and 900 years ago, says a new study involving Mexico's Centro Ecological Akumal and the University of Colorado Boulder.

Excavation reveals ancient town and burial complex in Diros Bay, Greece
(Field Museum) Recent research by The Diros Project, a five-year excavation program in Diros Bay, Greece has uncovered the remains of an ancient town and burial complex that date to the Neolithic and Bronze Age. In addition to the Neolithic 'spooning' couple that has been highlighted in recent news articles, the team also uncovered several other burials and the remains of an ancient village that suggest the bay was an important center in ancient times.

Earliest known fossil of the genus Homo dates to 2.8 to 2.75 million years ago
(Penn State) The earliest known record of the genus Homo -- the human genus -- represented by a lower jaw with teeth, recently found in the Afar region of Ethiopia, dates to between 2.8 and 2.75 million years ago, according to an international team of geoscientists and anthropologists. They also dated other fossils to between 2.84 and 2.58 million years ago, which helped reconstruct the environment in which the individual lived.

When age matters
(Weizmann Institute of Science) The precise dating of ancient charcoal found near a skull is helping reveal a unique period in prehistory.

Archaeologists open the mysterious lead coffin found buried just feet from the former grave of King Richard III
(University of Leicester) Richard III is the only male to be discovered at the infamous former car-park site.

EARTH Magazine: On the trail of treasure in the Rocky Mountains
(American Geosciences Institute) Can you find the famed treasure chest of Forrest Fenn? Join EARTH roving correspondent Mary Caperton Morton on her quest to find the treasure chest, valued at between $1 million and $2 million dollars, using knowledge of Fenn's life and geoscience to identify potential hiding spots.

Ancient and modern cities aren't so different
(Santa Fe Institute) Despite notable differences in appearance and governance, ancient human settlements function in much the same way as modern cities, according to new findings by researchers at the Santa Fe Institute and the University of Colorado Boulder.

Animals tend to evolve toward larger size over time, Stanford study finds
(Stanford School of Engineering) In one of the most comprehensive studies of body size evolution ever conducted, Stanford scientists have found fresh support for Cope's rule, a theory in biology that states that animal lineages tend to evolve toward larger sizes over time.

New insights into origins of the world's languages
(Linguistic Society of America) Linguists have long agreed that languages from English to Greek to Hindi, known as 'Indo-European languages', are the modern descendants of a language family which first emerged from a common ancestor spoken thousands of years ago. Now, a new study gives us more information on when and where it was most likely used. Using data from over 150 languages, linguists at UC-Berkeley provide evidence that this ancestor language originated 5,500 - 6,500 years ago on the Pontic-Caspian steppe.

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