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Latest and Breaking Archaeology News

Archaeologists plan to bring to life ancient land lost under the sea
(University of Bradford) University of Bradford archaeologists have received one of Europe's premier research grants for a ground-breaking project to reconstruct an ancient landscape now hidden beneath the North Sea.

Fossil specimen reveals a new species of ancient river dolphin to Smithsonian scientists
(Smithsonian) The careful examination of fossil fragments from Panama has led Smithsonian scientists and colleagues to the discovery of a new genus and species of river dolphin that has been long extinct. The team named it Isthminia panamensis. The specimen not only revealed a new species to science, but also shed new light onto the evolution of today's freshwater river dolphin species. The team's research was published Sept. 1 in the scientific journal PeerJ.

Scientists reveal New Zealand's prehistoric wildlife sanctuaries
(University of Otago) Prehistoric 'sanctuary' regions where New Zealand seabirds survived early human hunting have been documented by New Zealand and US scientists. The researchers reconstructed the population histories for prehistoric New Zealand shags using DNA analysis and radiocarbon dating with computer modelling.

Study reveals human body has gone through four stages of evolution
(Binghamton University) Research into 430,000-year-old fossils collected in northern Spain found that the evolution of the human body's size and shape has gone through four main stages, according to a paper published this week.

Philistines introduced sycamore, cumin and opium poppy into Israel during the Iron Age
(Bar-Ilan University) A new study published in Scientific Reports describes the bio-archaeological remains of the Philistine culture in Israel during the Iron Age (12th century to 7th century BCE). The results of this research indicate that the ca. 600 year presence of the Philistine culture had a major and long-term impact on local floral biodiversity.

Chapman University research suggests older adults possess important forms of expertise
(Chapman University) Chapman University's research on aging and skill development appears as the lead article in the latest issue of American Journal of Physical Anthropology. The study, called 'Skill Ontogeny Among Tsimane Forager-Horticulturalists,' provides the most complete analysis to date of skill development in a traditional society. The results show that most skills essential to Tsimane survival are acquired prior to first reproduction, and then develop further to meet the increasing demands of offspring.

Earliest baboon found at Malapa
(University of the Witwatersrand) A team of international researchers has discovered a fossil monkey specimen representing the earliest baboon ever found. Dating back more than two million years ago, the partial skull was found in South Africa's Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, the same site where the partial skeletons of the new early hominin species, Australopithecus sediba, were discovered in 2010.

Massacres, torture and mutilation: Extreme violence in neolithic conflicts
(University of Basel) Violent conflicts in Neolithic Europe were held more brutally than has been known so far. This emerges from a recent anthropological analysis of the roughly 7,000-year-old mass grave of Schöneck-Kilianstädten by researcher of the Universities of Basel and Mainz. The findings, published in the journal PNAS, show that victims were murdered and deliberately mutilated.

Marks on 3.4-million-year-old bones not due to trampling, analysis confirms
(Emory Health Sciences) Marks on two 3.4 million-year-old animal bones found at the site of Dikika, Ethiopia, were not caused by trampling, an extensive statistical analysis confirms. The Journal of Human Evolution is publishing the results of the study, which developed new methods of fieldwork and analysis for researchers exploring the origins of tool making and meat eating in our ancestors.

This week from AGU: Natural arches, Italian earthquake, Canadian rivers & research papers
(American Geophysical Union) Natural arches hum their health and scientists are listeningFor the first time, scientists have found a way to detect if the breathtaking natural arches of Utah's Canyonlands and Arches national parks are suffering from internal damage that could lead to their collapse, according to a new study in Geophysical Research Letters.

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