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Latest and Breaking Archaeology News

How the mammoth got its wool: Genetic changes are identified
(Penn State) Evolutionary change in a gene resurrected in the lab from the extinct woolly mammoth altered the gene's temperature sensitivity and likely was part of a suite of adaptations that allowed the mammoth to survive in harsh arctic environments, new research reveals.

New study shows South Africans using milk-based paint 49,000 years ago
(University of Colorado at Boulder) n international research team led by the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa has discovered a milk-and ochre-based paint dating to 49,000 years ago that inhabitants may have used to adorn themselves with or to decorate stone or wooden slabs.

New Sesotho-named dinosaur from South Africa
(University of the Witwatersrand) South African and Argentinian palaeontologists have discovered a new 200-million-year-old dinosaur from South Africa hidden for decades among the largest fossil collection in South Africa at the Evolutionary Studies Institute at Wits University.

Why do we love music? (video)
(American Chemical Society) Whether it's rock, hip-hop, classical or deep house, everyone has a favorite kind of music. But why do we love to throw on the headphones and get lost in the beat? It turns out that chemistry plays a big role in your favorite tunes. Watch this week's Reactions episode, featuring a special appearance from BrainCraft's Vanessa Hill, to find out why.

The parrot talks: complex pueblo society older than previously thought
(University of Virginia) Somehow, colorful tropical scarlet macaws from tropical Mesoamerica -- the term anthropologists use to refer to Mexico and parts of northern Central America -- ended up hundreds of miles north in the desert ruins of an ancient civilization in what is now New Mexico.

Scarlet macaws point to early complexity at chaco canyon
(Penn State) Carbon 14 dating of scarlet macaw remains indicates that interaction between Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon, N.M., and Mesoamerica began more than 100 years earlier than previously thought, according to a team of archaeologists.

Studies find early European had recent Neanderthal ancestor
(Howard Hughes Medical Institute) Geneticists have analyzed ancient DNA from a jawbone found in Romania and learned that it belonged to a modern human whose recent ancestors included Neanderthals. The new study provides the first genetic evidence that humans interbred with Neanderthals in Europe.

Scarlet macaw skeletons point to early emergence of Pueblo hierarchy
(American Museum of Natural History) New work on the skeletal remains of scarlet macaws found in an ancient Pueblo settlement indicates that social and political hierarchies may have emerged in the American Southwest earlier than previously thought. The findings suggest that the acquisition and control of macaws, along with other culturally significant items like chocolate and turquoise, may have facilitated the development of hierarchy in the society.

Ancient dental plaque reveals healthy eating and respiratory irritants 400,000 years ago
(University of York) New research conducted by archaeologists from the University of York and the Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona, in collaboration with members of Tel Aviv University, reveals striking insights into the living conditions and dietary choices of those who lived during the Middle Pleistocene some 300,000-400,000 years ago.

Kennewick Man closely related to Native Americans, geneticists say
(Stanford University Medical Center) DNA from the 8,500-year-old skeleton of an adult man found in 1996, in Washington, is more closely related to Native American populations than to any other population in the world, according to an international collaborative study conducted by scientists at the University of Copenhagen and the Stanford University School of Medicine.

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