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Latest and Breaking Archaeology News

Aid workers should read through archaeologists' notebooks on building houses
(Springer Science+Business Media ) Aid workers who provide shelter following natural disasters, such as hurricanes or earthquakes, should consider long-term archaeological information about how locals constructed their homes in the past, and what they do when they repair and rebuild. Archaeologists and international humanitarian organizations are both involved in recovery, with the former doing this for the past, and the latter for the present.

Time and age
(World Scientific) Entitled 'Time and Age: Time Machines, Relativity and Fossils,' this book authored by Professor Michael Mark Woolfson from University of York, addresses the measurement of time in relation to astronomical time.

Calculating how the Pacific was settled
(University of Utah) Using statistics that describe how an infectious disease spreads, a University of Utah anthropologist analyzed different theories of how people first settled islands of the vast Pacific between 3,500 and 900 years ago. Adrian Bell found the two most likely strategies were to travel mostly against prevailing winds and seek easily seen islands, not necessarily the nearest islands.

A somber anniversary: 100 years of chemical weapons (video)
(American Chemical Society) April 22, 2015, marks the 100th anniversary of the first large-scale use of chemical weapons in warfare. Some of the best minds in chemistry at that time, including a Nobel Prize winner, used their knowledge of science to build humanity's new weapons of mass destruction. Reactions presents this sobering look at the chemistry behind the modern world's first chemical weapons. Check out the video here:

2015 Joint Assembly: Preliminary press conference topics; Virtual Press Room now live
(American Geophysical Union) The AGU Public Information office is planning a number of press conferences to highlight newsworthy presentations at the 2015 Joint Assembly. So far, we expect briefings on craters, thunder, water contamination, mining, and wine-making in Canada. This list may grow and is subject to change. During the Joint Assembly, journalists can find press releases and many resources online in the Virtual Press Room in the Media Center on the Joint Assembly website.

How ancient species survived or died off in their old Kentucky home
(University of Cincinnati) Researchers at an old geological site talk 'dirt' about how Ice Age climate change led to the extinction of mammoths and mastodons, but to the evolution and survival of bison, deer and other present-day species.

Victorian baby teeth could help predict future health of children today
(University of Bradford) Baby teeth from children who died during the 1845-52 Irish famine could help us predict the future health of children born today, according to new research.

ASU team unlocks clues in unidentified human remains
(Arizona State University) Armed with a high-tech, chemistry-driven approach, ASU researchers will study how different isotopes in the human body behave during decomposition in different environments. The results will have real-life implications for law enforcement, medical examiners, the military and countless families looking for answers about loved ones.

Researchers can trace dust samples using fungal DNA
(North Carolina State University) Researchers have developed a statistical model that allows them to tell where a dust sample came from within the continental United States based on the DNA of fungi found in the sample. The work offers a new forensic biology tool for law enforcement and archaeologists.

Complex cognition shaped the Stone Age hand axe, study shows
(Emory Health Sciences) The ability to make a Lower Paleolithic hand axe depends on complex cognitive control by the prefrontal cortex, including the 'central executive' function of working memory, a new study finds. PLOS ONE published the results, which knock another chip off theories that Stone Age hand axes are simple tools that don't involve higher-order executive function of the brain.

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