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Latest and Breaking Archaeology News

The stapes of a neanderthal child points to the anatomical differences with our species
(University of the Basque Country ) Asier Gmez-Olivencia, an Ikerbasque researcher at the UPV/EHU, has led a piece of research that has produced a 3D reconstruction of the remains of a two-year-old Neanderthal recovered from an excavation carried out back in the 1970s at La Ferrassie. The work reveals the existence of anatomical differences between the Neanderthals and our species, even in the smallest ossicles of the human body.

New lobster-like predator found in 508 million-year-old fossil-rich site
(University of Toronto) What do butterflies, spiders and lobsters have in common? They are all surviving relatives of a newly identified species called Yawunik kootenayi, a marine creature with two pairs of eyes and prominent grasping appendages that lived as much as 508 million years ago -- more than 250 million years before the first dinosaur. It was identified by palaeontologists at the University of Toronto and the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, and Pomona College in California.

2015 Joint Assembly: News media registration open; reserve hotel room now
(American Geophysical Union) More than 2,000 researchers are expected to present their latest research findings in the Earth and space sciences at the 2015 Joint Assembly being held May 3-7 in Montreal. The meeting will bring together researchers from the American Geophysical Union, Canadian Geophysical Union, Geological Association of Canada, and Mineral Association of Canada.

Earliest humans had diverse range of body types, just as we do today
(University of Cambridge) New research harnessing fragmentary fossils suggests our genus has come in different shapes and sizes since its origins over two million years ago, and adds weight to the idea that humans began to colonize Eurasia while still small and lightweight.

Study underscores complexity of geopolitics in the age of the Aztec empire
(North Carolina State University) New findings from an international team of archaeological researchers highlight the complexity of geopolitics in Aztec era Mesoamerica and illustrate how the relationships among ancient states extended beyond warfare and diplomacy to issues concerning trade and the flow of goods.

Archeologists discover Maya 'melting pot'
(University of Arizona) A University of Arizona-led team of archaeologists working in Guatemala has unearthed new information about the Maya civilization's transition from a mobile, hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a sedentary way of life. They have found evidence that mobile communities and settled groups came together for construction projects and public ceremonies.

World's largest asteroid impacts found in central Australia
(Australian National University) A 400-kilometer-wide impact zone from a huge meteorite that broke in two moments before it slammed into the Earth has been found in Central Australia. The crater from the impact millions of years ago has long disappeared. But a team of geophysicists has found the twin scars of the impacts -- the largest impact zone ever found on Earth -- hidden deep in the Earth's crust.

Did a volcanic cataclysm 40,000 years ago trigger the final demise of the Neanderthals?
(Geological Society of America) The Campanian Ignimbrite eruption in Italy 40,000 years ago was one of the largest volcanic cataclysms in Europe and injected a significant amount of sulfur-dioxide into the stratosphere. Scientists have long debated whether this eruption contributed to the final extinction of the Neanderthals. This new study by Benjamin A. Black and colleagues tests this hypothesis with a sophisticated climate model.

Prehistoric stone tools bear 500,000-year-old animal residue
(American Friends of Tel Aviv University) Among 500,000-year-old elephant remains at a Lower Paleolithic site in Revadim, Israel, Tel Aviv University archaeologists recently analyzed 'hand axes' and 'scrapers,' universally shaped and sized prehistoric stone tools, replete with animal residue. The research represents the first scientifically verified direct evidence for the precise use of Paleolithic stone tools: to process animal carcasses and hides.

Human parasites found in medieval cesspit reveal links between Middle East and Europe
(University of Cambridge) Analysis of a latrine in Jerusalem that dates back over 500 years finds human parasites common in northern Europe yet very rare in Middle East at the time, suggesting long-distance trade or pilgrimage routes and shedding light on prevalent infectious diseases of the age.

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