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Latest and Breaking Atmospheric Science News

Researchers discover new producer of crucial vitamin
(University of Waterloo) New research has determined that a single group of microorganisms may be responsible for much of the world's vitamin B12 production in the oceans, with implications for the global carbon cycle and climate change.Professors Andew Doxey and Josh Neufeld, from the Faculty of Science at the University of Waterloo, led a study that discovered that Thaumarchaeota are likely dominant vitamin B12 producers.

NSF awards $15 million in second set of coastal sustainability grants
(National Science Foundation) More than half the world's human population lived in coastal areas in the year 2000; that number is expected to rise to 75 percent by 2025.

NASA's TRMM satellite sees Hurricane Odile strike Baja California
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite known as TRMM captured data on powerful Hurricane Odile revealing heavy rainfall from powerful thunderstorms as it made landfall in Baja California. Odile tied a record for strongest hurricane to hit the Baja in over 40 years.

NASA sees Typhoon Kalmaegi as a whirlpool of clouds in the South China Sea
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Aqua satellite observed Typhoon Kalmaegi crossing the South China Sea and a satellite image from the MODIS instrument aboard made it look like a whirlpool of clouds.

Satellites show Edouard's transition into an Atlantic Hurricane
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Storm Edouard each day from Sept. 12 through 14 and captured imagery of the storm as it grew into a hurricane. NOAA's GOES-East satellite covers the Atlantic Ocean and takes visible images during the day and infrared images at night to show the movement of weather systems. Those images were compiled into a movie from Sept. 13 through 15 showing movement and intensification of Edouard into a hurricane. NASA's HS3 Mission also investigated the storm.

Satellite sees Tropical Depression 16-E remnants scooped by Hurricane Odile
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) At 11 p.m. EDT on Sunday, Sept. 14, Tropical Depression 16-E was officially a remnant low pressure area. NOAA's GOES-West satellite showed the clouds associated with the remnants being drawn into the massive circulation of nearby Hurricane Odile.

Decoding virus-host interactions in the oxygen-starved ocean
(DOE/Joint Genome Institute) In certain coastal areas, severe reductions in oxygen levels in the water destroy food web structure. Over the past 50 years, such oxygen minimum zones have expanded due to climate change and increased waste run-off. Reported in the journal eLife, a collaboration between researchers from the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, the University of British Columbia, and University of Arizona studied how viral infection influences a microbial community in one such OMZ.

'Nuclear disasters don't respect national boundaries'
(Virginia Tech) A nuclear accident has no respect for lines drawn on a map. It becomes the world's problem. But for the most part, emphasis has been on prevention, not response. Until now.

Small algae with great potential
(Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)) The single most important calcifying algae of the world's oceans is able to simultaneously adapt to rising water temperatures and ocean acidification through evolution. A unique long-term experiment with the species Emiliania huxleyi at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel shows that the evolutionary potential of the algae is much greater than previously thought. In their laboratory evolution experiment, the scientists have shown for the first time that evolutionary adaptations to multiple stress factors do not necessarily interfere with each other.

If hippopotamuses can't swim, how can some be living on islands?
(Wiley) There is no published account where hippopotamuses are demonstrably shown swimming or floating at the surface of any body of water. But if they can't swim, how did they reach and colonize islands?

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