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Latest and Breaking Earth Science News

Distribution of fish on the northeast US shelf influenced by both fishing and climate
(NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center) Scientists studying the distribution of four commercial and recreational fish stocks in Northeast US waters have found that climate change can have major impacts on the distribution of fish, but the effects of fishing can be just as important and occur on a more immediate time scale. The four species studied -- black sea bass, scup, summer flounder, and southern New England/Mid-Atlantic Bight winter flounder -- have varied in abundance and have experienced heavy fishing pressure at times over the past 40 years.

Shape-shifting may help some species cope with climate change, Dartmouth-USC Study shows
(Dartmouth College) Researchers have found that a Rocky Mountain mustard plant quickly alters its physical appearance and flowering time in response to different environmental conditions, suggesting some species can shape-shift in real time to cope with climate change without having to migrate or evolve.

Methane is leaking from permafrost offshore Siberia
(CAGE - Center for Arctic Gas Hydrate, Climate and Environment) Images of craters on Yamal Peninsula, caused by collapsing permafrost, have become world famous. But did you know that this permafrost extends to the ocean floor? And it is thawing.

Average temperature in Finland has risen by more than two degrees
(University of Eastern Finland) Over the past 166 years, the average temperature in Finland has risen by more than two degrees. During the observation period, the average increase was 0.14 degrees per decade, which is nearly twice as much as the global average.

221 new species described by the California Academy of Sciences in 2014
(California Academy of Sciences) In 2014, researchers at the California Academy of Sciences added 221 new plant and animal species to our family tree. The new species include 110 ants, 16 beetles, three spiders, 28 fishes, 24 sea slugs, two marine worms, 9 barnacles, two octocorals, 25 plants, one waterbear, and one tiny mammal.

Coral reveals long-term link between Pacific winds, global climate
(National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research) New research indicates that shifts in Pacific trade winds played a key role in twentieth century climate variation and are likely again influencing global temperatures. The study, led by NCAR and the University of Arizona, uses a novel method of analyzing coral chemistry to reveal winds from a century ago.

Scientists uncover new, fundamental mechanism for how resveratrol provides health benefits
(Scripps Research Institute) Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have found that resveratrol, the red-wine ingredient once touted as an elixir of youth, powerfully activates an evolutionarily ancient stress response in human cells. The finding should dispel much of the mystery and controversy about how resveratrol really works.

Alaska fish adjust to climate change by following the food
(NOAA Fisheries West Coast Region) Not all species may suffer from climate change. A new analysis shows that Dolly Varden, a species of char common in southeast Alaska, adjust their migrations so they can keep feasting on a key food source -- salmon eggs -- even as shifts in climate altered the timing of salmon spawning.

NASA balloons begin flying in Antarctica for 2014 campaign
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's 2014-2015 Antarctic Scientific Balloon Campaign took to the skies Wednesday, Dec. 17, with the successful launch of the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna from the Long Duration Balloon facility outside of McMurdo Station, Antarctica.

Making a good thing better
(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab researchers carried out the first X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of a model electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries and may have found a pathway forward to improving LIBs for electric vehicles and large-scale electrical energy storage.

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