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Latest and Breaking Social Behavioral News

Big data gives new insight into blood pressure reduction role of commonly prescribed drug
(Indiana University) A new big data study conducted by researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University has found that a drug commonly prescribed to conserve potassium in the blood also significantly lowers blood pressure when taken in conjunction with a diuretic frequently prescribed to patients with hypertension. The combination of the two drugs, both available as generics, has been shown to consistently amplify the blood pressure reduction in patients with or without the presence of other antihypertensive agents such as ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers.

Autism costs estimated to reach nearly $500 billion, potentially $1 trillion, by 2025
(University of California - Davis Health System) UC Davis health economists have for the first time projected the total costs of caring for all people with autism spectrum disorder in the US for the current calendar year and in 10 years if effective interventions and preventive treatments for the condition are not identified and widely available.

Sleepy fruitflies get mellow
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Whether you're a human, a mouse, or even a fruitfly, losing sleep is a bad thing, leading to physiological effects and behavioral changes. Researchers used fruitflies to probe deeper into the cellular and molecular mechanisms that govern aggression and sleep and found that sleep deprivation reduces aggression in fruitflies and affects their reproductive fitness. They identified a related molecular pathway that might govern recovery of normal aggressive behaviors.

How to digitally stoke that old-time auction fever
(Journal of Retailing at New York University) The authors explore the impact of time pressure and social competition on bidders in online auctions and how those factors influence auction results and users' experience.

Majority rule: Why conformity can actually be a good thing
(University of British Columbia) Like to go your own way? Most of us actually prefer to follow the pack, according to UBC research.That's one of the outcomes from a study published in Evolution and Human Behavior that examines how mathematical models predict human behavior.

Where memory is encoded and retrieved: New findings in a long-standing debate
(Ruhr-University Bochum) Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encoding and retrieving memories or are different areas of this structure engaged? This question has kept neuroscientists busy for a long time. Researchers at the Mercator Research Group 'Structure of Memory' at RUB have now found out that the same brain cells exhibit activity in both processes. They have published their results in the journal 'Hippocampus'.

Neurology researchers evaluate evidence base for tests for clinical cognitive assessment
(Kessler Foundation) Recommendations for improving clinical cognitive testing were reported by the American Academy of Neurology's Behavioral Neurology Section Group, led by Kirk R. Daffner, MD, of Boston, Mass. The Group focused on the Neurobehavioral Status Exam, conducting evidence-based reviews of testing used for five domains -- attention, language, memory, spatial cognition, and executive function). 'Improving clinical cognitive testing' was published online on July 10, 2015, in Neurology, the official journal of the AAN.

Doctor Google: How age and other factors influence online health information searches
(Human Factors and Ergonomics Society) A new study published in the Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making aims to evaluate the types of search strategies that Internet users adopt when trying to solve a complicated health problem.

Dog sledding offers a healthy dose of adventure for children with cancer
(ecancermedicalscience) A common perception of the paediatric cancer patient is of a frail youth whose childhood experiences are tragically curtailed by the disease. Now, the results of a new preliminary study published in ecancermedicalscience show that children with cancer may benefit from a different kind of treatment -- a healthy dose of adventure.

Illuminating mechanisms of repetitive thinking
(Association for Psychological Science) The ability to engage in mental time travel is a unique and central part of the human experience. And yet this very ability can have detrimental consequences for both physical and mental well-being when it becomes repetitive and uncontrolled. A special series of articles in Clinical Psychological Science investigates this kind of repetitive thinking, exploring the core psychological processes that underlie maladaptive thought processes like worry and rumination.

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