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Techonology, Engineering and Computer Science News

Producing biodegradable plastic just got cheaper and greener
(KU Leuven) Biodegradable drinking cups or vegetable wrapping foil: the bioplastic known as polylactic acid (PLA) is already a part of our everyday lives. And yet, PLA is not yet considered a full alternative to traditional petroleum-based plastics, as it is costly to produce. Researchers from the KU Leuven Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis now present a way to make the PLA production process more simple and waste-free. Their findings were published in Science.

Learning from biology to accelerate discovery
(Northwestern University) Northwestern University professor Sinan Keten and his collaborators have authored a new review paper that explores the strategies nature employs to achieve different functions and the mechanics at play within those functions.

Goldschmidt -- the world's major geochemistry conference, Prague, Aug. 16-21, 2015
(European Association of Geochemistry) Goldschmidt2015, the world's major geochemistry congress, is due to take place in Prague, Czech Republic, from Aug. 16-21. More than 3,000 abstracts will be presented. Journalists are welcome to attend.

Arthritis drug could be used to treat blood cancer sufferers
(University of Sheffield) Scientists at the University of Sheffield have discovered that a common drug given to arthritis sufferers could also help to treat patients with blood cancers.

Stronger action needed to transform the UK's energy system
(University College London) An ambitious policy package is essential for the UK to transform its energy system to achieve the deep reductions in carbon emissions required to avoid dangerous climate change, according to research led by UCL scientists. To meet climate targets set for 2050, policies need to ensure strong action is taken now, while preparing for fundamental changes in how energy is provided and used in the long term.

Stormwater practices at Texas A&M AgriLife Dallas center show statewide, broader promise
(Texas A&M AgriLife Communications) The results of stormwater practice demonstrations at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Dallas demonstrate the potential benefits for using such practices in urban areas statewide and beyond.

Nanomedicine in the fight against thrombotic diseases
(Future Science Group) Future Science Group today announced the publication of a new article in Future Science OA, covering the use of nanocarriers and microbubbles in drug delivery for thrombotic disease.

A 'movie' of ultrafast rotating molecules at a hundred billion per second
(National Institutes of Natural Sciences) Can you imagine how subnano-scale molecules make an ultrafast rotation at a hundred billion per second? Do the ultrafast rotating subnano-scale molecules show a wave-like nature rather than particle-like behavior? The Japanese research team led by Professor Yasuhiro Ohshima at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, and Dr. Kenta Mizuse at the Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, successfully took sequential 'snapshots' of ultrafast unidirectionally rotating molecules at a hundred billion per second.

'Invisible' protein structure explains the power of enzymes
(Umea University) A research group at Ume University in Sweden has managed to capture and describe a protein structure that, until now, has been impossible to study. The discovery lays the base for developing designed enzymes as catalysts to new chemical reactions for instance in biotechnological applications. The result of the study is published in the journal Nature Communications.

Novel DNA repair mechanism brings new horizons
(Lomonosov Moscow State University) The DNA molecule is chemically unstable giving rise to DNA lesions of different nature. That is why DNA damage detection, signaling and repair, collectively known as the DNA damage response, are needed. A group of researchers, lead by Vasily M. Studitsky, professor at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, discovered a new mechanism of DNA repair, which opens up new perspectives for the treatment and prevention of neurodegenerative diseases.

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